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Oral Herpes | Area Of Common Infection From HS-1

Posted on 26 February 2011

HSV-1 Herpes

Oral herpes, commonly known as cold sores, are caused by the Herpes Simplex Virus – type 1, better known as the HSV.

Intraoral herpes is yet another common infection, which is a bit tough to be detected easily and folks often gets confused between canker sores and Intraoral herpes.

What can trigger the Outbreaks

The following conditions aid in triggering outbreak of cold sores:

• Emotional or Physical Stress
• Fever
• Lack of sleep
• Pain
• Surgery
• Menstruation
• Irritants such as exposure to sun/wind and cold
• Immunosuppression

Cause of Oral Herpes

Oral Herpes is predominantly caused by the Herpes Simplex Type 1 Virus. Such infections are highly persistent, though HSV1 is one of the less dangerous herpes viruses. Such infections can be easily passed-on to others via oral contact, and hence it is extremely necessary to avoid any kind of oral contact.

Preventive Measures

• No kissing STRICTLY (even if you love your partner/friend/spouse)
• Avoid sharing of food items, or kitchen implements such as forks, sppons, etc.
• Strictly avoid sharing of toothbrushes, dental floss etc (necessary even in normal life to maintain high level of hygiene)
• No sharing of towels or any other garments.
• Those with an active herpetic sore must avoid close contact with infants.

Treatments and Cures

While no definite cure for herpes is available, there are various kinds of treatment options available for the HSV1 lesions, which are broadly categorized into two categories:

1. Non-specific Treatments: These are basically aimed at reducing symptoms of HSV lesions
2. Specific anti-viral therapies: These therapies are meant for preventing recurrences, or to hasten lesion healing.

Specific Antiviral Drugs

Anti-viral drugs like Oral acyclovir (Zovirax), Valacyclovir (Valtrex) and Famciclovir (Famvir), have been reported to lessen the symptoms and frequency of outbreaks of fever blister or their recurrences. Pills of such drugs can be very effective in preventing outbreaks, if taken just prior to outbreak.

On the other hand, topical antiviral creams are also available that help in limiting the extent or duration of lesions, and mainly contain penciclovir (Denavir) and/or acyclovir (Zovirax).

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